Beauty and mathematics

The Universal Golden proportion of beauty

 

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What is beauty and who decides? Beauty is universal and has been defined from the times of Nephrititi. It has not changed and is still universally sought out. It boils down to mathematics with symmetrical geometry and the ratio phi. Phi is the universal ratio of 1: 1.168. If you fit into the angles of golden proportion you are seen as beautiful.

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Beauty and mathematics

The development of phi 1:1.1618 ratio expresses the divine proportion throughout nature and is seen in architecture, art and in the face and body.

The Greeks defined beauty in the harmonious proportions of the face which they divided into thirds and into a series of triangles. The anterior part of the face is divided into 3 equal parts from the forehead to the eyes, to the upper lip and to the chin. The face is also divided laterally into equal components.

phi

The phi ratio has been developed into a golden mask of proportions which many beautiful people throughout the ages match. Software has even been developed to enhance facial processing thus aiding the creation of a more attractive image which will enable surgeons to enhance patients results.

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Beauty and evolution

Beauty has an evolutionary role to play. To ensure survival of the fittest, beautiful faces are associated with health, vitality and fertility of that person. There is an expectation that that person carries good genes for reproduction.*

The 3 main reproductive signs that make a face attractive are:

Symmetry

Avarageness

Sexual dimorphism

1) Symmetry

It has been shown in studies that general symmetry is seen as attractive. This is a evolutionary adjustment. More symmetrical males have more sexual partners whilst women are attracted to males who are symmetrical during their peak fertility periods.

symmetry

 

2)Averageness

Studies have shown that people favour an average face as they veer away from too different defining it as not the norm. A study showed that the common criminal was much better looking than your average man. Science says that average faces are easier to recognize and easier to acknowledge.

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3)Sexual dimorphism: signifies the differences between the 2 sexes.

Female signs of femininity are: evenly toned skin, full lips, narrow eyebrows, high cheekbones which especially expresses youthfulness and a head full of hair.

Male characteristics include a tanned even toned skin, prominent ridges above the eye brows, square jaws, square chin, flatter eyebrows and slightly narrower eyes and a thinner upper lip.

It is important for practitioners to recognize the above universal proportions and principles for optimal achievement of a natural look and patient satisfaction to be guaranteed and this must be related to gender.

 

3 areas need to be focused on when treating for universal beauty but still tailoring your treatment for the specific patient

The female lip

 

Enhancing female cheek bones

And in males augmenting the male jaw line and chin.

 

Enhancement of the cheek bones is in my experience over the last 8 years such an overlooked area of treatment. Most ladies just want the nasolablial lines around the mouth treated. We forget as we age that a sunken cheek area can take 5 years off your age. By enhancing your cheek bones it increases your beauty and femininity according to the phi proportions. It gives more volume to the cheek area giving the illusion of a face lift.

 

The lips in females are another overlooked area, but subtlety here is key. The filler I use from restylane is a very light one giving a refreshed, moisturised, rejuvenated look. It only lasts for 6 m- 9 months as we use our lips continuously by talking and the filler removes itself quicker from areas of active muscle movement.

The key proportions of phi play a huge role here with the upper lip to lower lip ratio being 1:1.1618. This means that our upper lip is smaller than the lower lip and we must add volume to the lower lip to achieve a natural looking lip while rather contouring the deficiencies in the top lip such as the cupids bow and the outline of the lip. Otherwise it looks lopsisded. Lookout for many actresses who have got this wrong by overfilling the top lip. No wonder patients are scared to try fill their lips!!

 

 

LASER HAIR REMOVAL -PART 1

Laser Hair removal

As I have a new DIODE laser hair removal system, I’ll spend a little time talking about this. Us girls and some guys all know the irritation or aggrevation of having to shave, wax or pluck on a regular basis and the in grown hairs thar some of us experience. Just as you’ve had your session of waxing and weeks fly by before your next appointment. Not to mention that you can’t reveal your prickly self while it’s growing out is another great reason to look into laser hair removal.

There is a big difference between laser and IPL. Laser is a beam of light of one wavelength only that is directed in one direction only and thus directly targets the hair follicle, whereas IPL systems have multidirectional beams of different wavelengths and may not target the hair follicle directly.

Diode laser -

How it works

Laser works by targeting the pigment in your hair and uses the hair to guide it to the follicle. The pigment in a hair follicle absorbs the light of the laser, becomes overheated and is destroyed. A long laser pulse is needed as there is a slight deflection from the actual hair to the follicle. It is very important to go to someone with the correct equipment for successful permanent hair removal results. To make an appointment contact me on 011 616 4040.

Laser works best on a lighter skin with dark hair; however newer technologies are available that allow treatment on dark skins and people with blonde or grey hair.

laserbeam

Don’ts of laser hair removal:

We do not advise to have laser if you are pregnant. If you’ve waxed or plucked it’s advisable to wait for 6 weeks to allow your hair follicles to recover to enable the laser to target them. You can shave as this doesn’t affect the hair follicle. Moles must be avoided as the laser can change their colouring which may lead a doctor to miss the signs of a cancerous growth. xx

What to expect:

New technology has helped to make this treatment less painful. There are machines that advertise that they are painless. This newer technology is still in development and in my experience has not yielded good results. My machine has a built in cooler. If you are a bit anxious about the treatment a topical anaesthetic such as EMLA can be placed on the area an hour prior to your appointment and this really makes it pain free.

The procedure may take a while if a large area such as legs or chest is being treated; otherwise it is quite a quick and relatively painless experience.

Common side effects include swelling, discomfort and redness that may last 1 – 3 days. Areas of darker or lighter patches of skin may appear which are usually transient. As with any treatment very rare side effects may occur, these include: blistering, burning of the skin, bacterial infections or herpes simplex out breaks. If you are having the upper lip treated and suffer from cold sores an antiviral must be taken one day prior to treatment and must be continued for 4 days thereafter.

Any area of the body can be except for the eye brow as the close proximity of the eyebrow to the retina may damage the retina. Skin that is thinner responds better to laser treatment such as your underarms as opposed to your chin. Hormonal hair growth also is more difficult to remove permanently and may require more sessions. Fortunately this is generally on the face and is not too expensive to treat.

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Liquid Facelift -Part 2

The eye area

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The eye area is a main personality feature of a person so we don’t want to freeze all emotion here. Treatment must be subtle enhancing the natural beauty and also remaining with what is age appropriate. The skin around the eye is thin and prone to ageing due to loss of elasticity, bone and collagen in this area. Fine wrinkles and pigmentation appear. Thin skin under the eye appears darker as the muscles and veins around the area are more visible.

Fine wrinkles are treated using botox for the crow’s feet to open up the eye and soften wrinkles and a very fine dermal filler to fill and soften the wrinkles. The deep hollow under the eye called the tear trough area is filled to plump the area stopping that hallowed look as the area is not sunken and dark as it is rejuvenated making a person look less tired and old.

The tear trough

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The eyebrow and temporal region are also treated with dermal filler to lift the eyebrow and to fill the hollow in the temporal region that ages us.

I use a fine dermal filler and also use a micro- cannula to prevent bruising. A micro-cannula is like a long thin blunt needle. As it is blunt it doesn’t cut through the blood vessels, keeping them intact and thus not bleeding out giving you a bruise.  A sound horrific but it really isn’t. (I’ve treated myself and many patients using this technique.) It may be slightly uncomfortable; luckily the under eye area is easy to anaesthetise using local anaesthetic so you don’t have to feel any discomfort whatsoever.

Remember to ‘like’ my page 

Hyaluronic acid dermal fillers

Dermal fillers (hyaluronic acid) are hygroscopic meaning they attract water. Once injected into your collagen cells they attract water to fill up and thereby plump your collagen cell. Dermal fillers also stretch the microscopic fibroblsts which are the precursor to collagen cells and thus collagen is then produced. Very clever little things – hyaluronic acid cells !! Remember to like my page

hyaluronic acid compoundhyaluronic acid gel

 

The mid face area is a very much overlooked area where a subtle cheek bone lift will take approximately 5 years off one’s look, yet being so subtle that people will not know quite what you’ve done. This is the most overlooked treatment area. When a patient looks in the mirror they generally see the nasolabial lines around the mouth. These are however caused by loss of fat from the cheek bone and eye area. The fat descends and literally falls over a natural ligament around the mouth (the naso labial lines). There is also loss of bone from the cheek and eye area as it degenerates as we age. Hence when we look in the mirror, this is what we see – deep lines around the mouth.

 

The ageing face

The ageing face

Mid face ageing is a dead give-away as to a person’s age – yet is the most under treated area in South Africa. In Europe and the states, this is fast growing to be one of the most popular dermal filler treatments. The muscles keeping the fat pads in place become thin and stretch with age also contributing to the descent of our cheek fat pads.

The technique used for mid face and tear trough dermal filler is quite an advanced technique and you should seek out an experienced practitioner. For mid face, a special measuring technique is employed so I know exactly where the filler needs to be inserted. Remember to like my page: Dr Stasi botha

A very thick volumous filler is used as this area and generally takes 1 ml of filler minimum per side. It is more costly than your general fillers; however I keep the price as low as possible. The filler generally lasts one year to 18 months depending on the individual. I usually advise having retreatment at one year so you don’t lose all the effects of the filler.

 

The lower face is generally also a dead give-away of age as with botox the upper third of the face can look 10 years younger than the lower third. A neat trick: treating the mid – third takes the eye’s focus to the mid face; away from the lower third giving the illusion of a much younger face.

So besides the obvious face lift what can we do.

Quite a bit

Nasolablai Lines

Marionette lines

Vital – fine filler made up of small micro particles that can draw water 10 x it’s own weight into the collagen cells, making wrinkles smoother softer and less evident.

Fill the lips

Straighten the jaw line

MICRONEEDLE MICRONEEDLE MICRONEEDLE

This in conjunction with Restylane Vital which plumps those very fine lines it really rejuvenates the entire mouth area.

All is not lost

And remember…. A face lift cannot give you the volume that filler’s can give you; neither can a filler lift the way surgery can, but in conjunction the two go hand in hand. It’s a personal choice at the end of the day.

The liquid facelift

2014 Welcome back. Its 2014. Hope you all had a wonderful festive season and fabulous New Year’s celebrations. I’d like to take this opportunity to thank you all for your loyal support during 2013 and here’s wishing you the most blessed and prosperous 2014 . After all that celebrating you may feel like you need a lift, so this month we’ll be discussing : “The liquid facelift” – a mini make-over with botox and dermal fillers

DR STASI BOTHA’S OCTOBER NEWSLETTER

WELCOME TO MY OCTOBER NEWSLETTER!

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Welcome to October, the summer has begun and we are all thinking about the holidays and getting our bodies bikini-ready right?! And that means some of us thinking about our cellulite. If you want to know more about cellulite, how to avoid it and how to treat it, this newsletter is for you!

Call the rooms now on 011 616 4040 to book an appointment and don’t forget to “like” my Facebook page to stay up to date with all the treatments and procedures I offer at my Bedfordview practice!

THE SKINNY ON CELLULITE

The simple fact of the matter is that cellulite is harmless. Cellulite is normal fat and it appears dimpled because the fat cells are pushed against the skins fibrous connective tissue.

Thin people have cellulite. Celebrities have cellulite. If you are overweight, losing weight might reduce visible cellulite but to eradicate it you will need specific treatment.

Many professionals agree that cellulite treatment is particularly difficult.
The key to treatment of cellulite is to break up the fibrous bands in the skin causing the lumpy bumpy skin appearance and also destroying the fat cells.

MESOTHERAPY

At my practice I prefer to use a Mesotherapy technique specifically designed to treat both elements.

Mesotherapy for Cellulite
Mesotherapy is a tried and tested skin rejuvenation technique administered via numerous injections containing various types of medicines, vitamins, and minerals.

It is important to work with a trained injector, as this will make the treatment process far more comfortable.

→KEY INGREDIENTS

The key ingredients in my Mesotherapy cellulite solution are:

  • PPC
  • L-Carnitine
  • Organic silica

These ingredients are key to the breakdown of fat, and fibrous tissue.

Organic Silica
This ingredient hydrates, renews and regenerates cells.

Organic Silica Drainage & Regeneration Solution smooth’s, tones and lifts the skin, slowing down the ageing process. It restores strength, flexibility and elasticity to the collagen and elastin.

This means more supple skin and less visible cellulite.

L-Carnitine
L-Carnitine is responsible for metabolizing fat. After breaking down the stored fat, it triggers the fatty acids to leave via the bloodstream, and converting this fat to energy. L-Carnitine Fat Carrier Solution is essential for optimal fat burning.

Phosphatidylcholine (PPC)
PPC is naturally abundant in cell membranes, this phospholipid, breaks down the fat stored in fat cells.

PPC Lipolytic Solution emulsifies the fat, allowing it to be absorbed into the bloodstream and transported. This makes it the ideal solution for eliminating unattractive, localized adiposities

A single treatment can treat these key areas.

Want to know how to avoid Cellulite in the future?
Here are contributing factors to cellulite development.

  • Poor diet
  • Crash diets
  • No exercise
  • Dehydration
  • Total body fat

 
On average your cellulite treatment schedule will include approximately 6 treatments. Each treatment session lasts roughly 30 minutes, so you can nip in and out in your lunch hour.
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DID YOU KNOW!?

→Did you know you benefit from visiting Dr Stasi Botha for a Mesotherapy cellulite treatment in more ways than one? Mesotherapy is also incredibly effective at treating:

  • Stretch marks
  • Skin rejuvenatiom

→There are different kinds of cellulite!

  • Adipose cellulite is the firm cellulite – orange peel effect on loose skin
  • Oedematous cellulite is fluid retention – soft cellulite often on loose skin
  • Fibrotic cellulite is hard – compact cellulite with orange peel effect

Each type of cellulite will require a slightly different treatment approach with a different mix of solutions.

→Cellulite tip
Cellulite is more visible on lighter skin than on darker skin. So if you are heading out in your bikini, apply a little fake tan and make the cellulite less noticeable.

→There are some factors for causing cellulite that are out of your control. This simply means that repeat or additional treatments may be necessary to keep your skin dimple free.

  • Genetics – you may be genetically predisposed
  • Hormones – hormone levels have been proven to influence cellulite
  • Slow metabolism – this can be changed with correct eating

→The most common cellulite treatment areas at my practice are those with poor blood supply:

  • Buttocks
  • Hips
  • Thighs

Make sure to ask Dr Stasi about cellulite even if you are considering another treatment. Mesotherapy is a perfect confidence boosting treatment and many patients combine their Botox and Dermal fillers in the same treatment session.

I hope you loved this newsletter about cellulite and the latest techniques in combatting this common skin problem.

Remember to visit my Facebook page and to share my daily facts with those around you!

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DR STASI BOTHA’S AUGUST NEWSLETTER

WELCOME!

Welcome everyone to my August newsletter which will be about one of my favorite topics! I am excited to take you through some major technique advancements when it comes to dermal fillers injections, possibly the most requested procedure at my practice.

Dermal fillers offer many applications:

  1. Lip shaping and volume
  2. Cheek volume
  3. Wrinkle correction
  4. Skin rejuvenation

But using a micro-cannula all these procedures and more can be offered with less risk of bruising and swelling…

Have any of you heard of a micro-cannula?  I hope to give you some valuable insight into this popular treatment and to explain why I believe it is the greatest non-surgical anti-ageing option.

Lastly, remember to follow my Facebook page which is full of resources about all the procedures and treatments I offer at my practice. And if you would like to book an appointment, then feel free to phone my rooms on 011 616 4040

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SO WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS?

The benefits are massive and micro-cannulas are revolutionizing dermal filler techniques, but a word of caution. Micro-cannula techniques are only for experienced doctors so please make sure to check the credentials of your doctor before undergoing any aesthetic procedure.

What are the benefits of using a micro-cannula vs. a needle?

First: The blunt tip

A needle causes trauma as it enters the body, this leads to risk of bruising and pain. The micro-cannula is blunt so trauma is greatly reduced.

A second benefit of micro-cannula treatments is that micro-cannulas are highly polished:
This means that the flow of the product is smooth and in controlled hands treatment accuracy is improved.

A less risk, more accurate dermal filler treatment! What more could you ask for.

Perhaps my most favourite benefit from injecting dermal fillers with a micro-cannula is that treatments can now be performed using fewer skin punctures.

A micro-cannula offers both you and me advantages:

  • Convincing results with low levels of pain and tissue trauma
  • Low risk of bruising and swelling
  • Individual treatment plan
  • No downtime
  • Ease of injection

WHAT I USE MICRO CANNULAS FOR

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A micro-cannula is longer than a needle and has multiple length options available. This means I could possible treat:

  • A tear trough
  • Midface (cheek)
  • Cheek skin rejuvenation

Another common area for multiple treatments via a single entry point is the lips:
by making a single entry on the outside of the lips, I can now, using a a micro-cannula:

  • Add volume to the upper lip
  • Add volume to the lower lip
  • Define the lip border on the upper lip
  • Define the lip border on the lower lip
  • Treat the corners of the mouth

All that from a sinle entry each side. Not bad, where in the past that same protocol would involve at least 12 injection sites.

In the past we had limited success with:

  • Tear troughs
  • Temples

But today, the rejuvenation procedure covers many more areas:

  • Lips
  • Skin rejuvenation
  • Tear troughs
  • Cheeks

These areas were notoriously difficulty to treat due to the thin skin and many vessels. Now we can accurately treat these areas with minimal risk and fill out hollow temples or remove dark circles and bags from under the eyes.

A comfortable treatment too…
Due to the lack of trauma the only discomfort reported by patients during a micro-cannula treatment is the entrance hole being made with a traditional needle.

The treatment duration is the same, the long lasting results are the same, and you simply have less pain and downtime.

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THE STAR OF THE SHOW: THE MICRO CANNULA

What is a micro-cannula?

Well first off a cannula is a thin metal tube that is often used in Liposuction and fat transfer to either remove fat or re-inject fat.

A micro-cannula is a specifically designed hollow tube for the injection of dermal fillers.

Micro-cannulas come in varying sizes and lengths. This is to allow the correct size cannula and length to be used in conjunction with the matching dermal filler product and treatment area.

Many people are put off when they first see a micro-cannula. This is because they look like they are thicker than a traditional needle.

This is simply the length playing tricks on the eye. All the micro-cannulas I use match the gauge sizes of the dermal filler equivalent needle.

I’m sure you will agree that micro-cannulas are the future of dermal filler injecting. They were designed to improve patient satisfaction and result accuracy.

The choice in micro-cannula will be discussed with you during the consultation.

A dermal filler treatment with a micro-cannula is just the same as with a needle. The preparation is identical; the only difference is method of application.

Micro-cannula tips are flexible! This is why only experienced doctors should use them, as control can be an issue.

In experienced hands however this flexibility allows for easy insertion into the tissues and therefore reduces the risk of bruising and swelling further.

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I hope you enjoyed this newsletter about micro-cannulas and the advancements in dermal filler injection technique.

Remember to visit and like my Facebook page to stay up to date with the latest news at my practice! 

Dr Stasi Botha’s March 2013 Newsletter: Skin Needling

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Welcome to my second blog post! As a physician, I like to know that you are aware of all the treatments and procedures within your reach that can help you feel more confident and beautiful.  Feeling self-conscious about your skin or body can be a real handicap in day to day life and I want you to know that you don’t have to live with those worries.

This month, my newsletter is about Skin Needling and I am thrilled to be sharing my knowledge about this treatment that I offer at my private practice in Bedfordview.

Remember that you can follow my Facebook page to find out more about my specials and read my daily posts. And don’t be shy; if you have a question, don’t hesitate to leave a comment on my page and I will happily respond.

Also, feel free to book an appointment with me by phoning (011) 616 4040 I hope you enjoy this post!

→What exactly is Needling? 

Skin needling, also known as Facial Mesotherapy and Collagen Induction Therapy (CIT) involves using a digital hand-piece infused with multiple, fine-pointed needles on the skin’s surface to stimulate its own regenerative properties and rejuvenate it.

Some techniques also involve handheld needling, but as technology develops so too does the techniques. At our practice we utilise the latest Vee Way needling technology.

Skin needling is a unique process that stimulates the body’s natural production of collagen and elastin.  My objective with this procedure is to smooth your skin and reduce scars or stretch marks through your skin’s natural wound healing and regeneration process.

It’s a very clever treatment to achieve results using your body’s healing process.

What happens during a Needling session?

During the needling session, I use a sterile needle grouping that are usually 1-3 mm long and I gently insert them into the epidermis and the top layer of the dermis. This, in turns, tells your brain to send collagen to the injured site in order to repair it.  This signal creates an abundance of collagen, which will plump up the injured area. 

This is how I will proceed with my hand piece during the needling session.

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Pain of course varies from one patient to another. Skin needling is a semi-invasive procedure.  I will apply a topical aesthetic to the area to be treated for you to feel as little pain as possible.  Most of my clients feel very little discomfort, if any at all

→What can you expect after your needling session?

What is left after a needling session? Softer, yet tighter skin. Your wrinkles, acne scars and other depressed areas will be a lot less noticeable. As an added benefit to skin needling the efficiency of serums and moisturizers is increased as they can now penetrate deeper.

After the needling session it is extremely important that you do not expose the treated area(s) to the sun, heat, hot water or tanning beds for 5-7 days.  It is highly recommended that a serum be used between treatments to enhance the results, due to the deep penetration of the serum.

After the needling treatment, it is normal for your skin to show red ‘pin point’ marks that can be covered by makeup the day after the needling application. 

The most exciting element to skin needling is that your skin’s production of new collagen continues for up to 12 months after the procedure.

The amount of needling sessions necessary varies from 1 to 6 depending on your skin’s needs and the results you are looking for. The initial treatment sessions may be weekly for the first month and two weekly thereafter. Maintenance can be once monthly as an alternative to a traditional facial, or at your discretion. 

Remember to visit my Facebook page for daily info on all the procedures I performs and treatments I offer at my Bedfordview pratice.